5. Self-Propelled Particles
These types of particles, which are also referred to as self-driven particles, are autonomous agents that convert all types of energy from our environment and directed into a more persistent motion pattern.
These are sometimes considered natural systems and have inspired the study and design of these particles. When these particles start to interact with each other, collective behaviors have been proven. These collective behaviors can mimic self-organization observed in active matter.
In order to fully understand self-propelled particle models, scientists have found these models in our everyday world, and are things such as swarms of animals, bugs, micro-organisms, and fish.