#9 Plastic Surgery
Another breakthrough in medicine came with the invention of plastic surgery. In medical terms, plastic in plastic surgery refers to the reshaping of malleable flesh. It was coined somewhere in the late 16th century, after which the definitions underwent a few changes with time.
Plastic surgery is used for two purposes: to augment the performance of a body part and improve its appearance – the former known as reconstructive surgery and the latter cosmetic surgery.
The earliest mention of this procedure appears in Edwin Smith Papyrus which transcribes an Ancient Egyptian medical text written circa 3000-2500 BCE. The modern technique for plastic surgeries was developed by Sir Harold Gillies which were widely used to repair facial damage endured by soldiers of the Great War.